The sections and illustrations listed below are part of the atlas, Naturhistorischer Atlas, by Georg August Goldfuss. He published the atlas from 1824 to 1842 as groups of pages, or fascicles, annually. As such, the Naturhistorischer Atlas was never published as a bound Atlas and, given the long issue period, very few complete sets exist. It does not appear in the standard bibliography of the period. The individual pages have no date or reference footer or header to the overall publication.
Goldfuss’s subject matter included zoology, botany, and geology. He and his publisher, Arnz of Dusseldorf, intended that readers would collect the pages and arrange to have them bound. Eventually there were 454 pages. I have examined the complete set held by the Royal Society in London, and can confirm that the complete geology section of Naturhistorischer Atlas comprises 24 pages. In the accompanying text, the most recent reference is 1825. Further, the Rhineland pages, 19-20 are dated 1828 in Dechen and Rauf's bibliography, Geologische und Mineralogische Litteratur der Rheinprovinz und der Provinz Westfalen(1887). From this, we can assume that the sheets listed below were issued after 1825 and by 1828. Each page is 62cm x 49cm (24.5"x19.5") and untrimmed ready for the bookbinder.
Publication by instalments was not uncommon. Willam Smith’s County Geological Atlas, Goldfuss's Petrifacta Germaniae and Agassiz's Poissons fossiles were both published in this way. When the fossil illustration is the key to establishing taxonomic priority, tracking down the date of issue of the individual fascicles becomes a research challenge.
An interesting tangent is the watermark that all the pages have. J.Whatman was an English paper maker of high quality art papers. As such his brand was often counterfeited. According to the British Association of Paper Historians, the dropped crossbar of the A's in WHATMAN are commonly found in German watermarks. The BAPH source example is an 1829 document printed in Hannover.
The dropped crossbar of the A's are more commonly found in counterfeit watermarks in Germany. Source - Document dated 1829, Hannover.
Schichtung und Absonderung/Stratification and Segregation. Uncoloured lithograph on flat cartridge paper with slight foxing and marginal dustiness. Nine small figures showing 'lowering, gnawed and horizontal stratification and plate-shaped, globular, columnar and massive jointing. In good condition.
Lagerungsverhaltnisse/ types of deposits. Hand coloured lithograph on flat cartridge paper with very slight foxing. Twelve schematic sections showing 1.Uniform , 2.Non-uniform and 3.General storage, 4. uniform horizontal deposit, 5. Deposited on the domed basement (shows ashlar sandstone on limestone), 6. sloping bedrock with decreasing dip, 7. sloping bedrock with increasing dip, 8. Shield-shaped (trachyte), 9.Shield-shaped (sedimentary) depost, 10. Saddle-shaped deposit, 11. Sheath-shaped deposit, 12. Embedded trough-shaped. In good to very good condition
Lagerungsfolge der Gebirgs Formationen/ Sequence of rckformations. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper drawn as a pair to be joined. With minor marginal tears, slight foxing and dusty margins. Two long schematic abutting landscapes showing every rock type then known, with labels on the landscapes coloured geologically. In good condition, sold as a pair.
Durchschnitte der Schweizer Alpen/Cross-sections of the Swiss Alps. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper with minor tears in left margin and very slight foxing. Shows three topographic sections coloured and labelled geologically: 1. Showing the Jura, L.Geneva, Mt. Blanc, Mt. Cenis; 2. Jura, Col d'Arpille, Great St.Bernard, Mt. Stretto, Piedmont; and 3. Rhine at Waldshut, Rigi, St.Gotthard , L.Lugano Lombardy. In good to very good condition.
Durchschnitte der Schweizer Alpen/Cross-sections of the Swiss Alps. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper with very slight foxing. Shows three topographic sections in more detail than figure 7 above, coloured and labelled geologically: 1. Showing the Jura, the Rhone by Geneva, young and old Alpenkalk, with different styles of folding, the Aiguille du Midi; 2. Val Valorsine to Aiguille du Tour of Montblanc; and 3. From Thun, young and old Alpenkalk, including the Eiger, to Finster-Aarhorn. In good to very good condition.
Durchschnitte der Schweiz/Cross-sections of Switzerland. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper with very slight foxing and minor tears neatly repaired. Shows five topographic sections in more detail than figure 7 above, coloured and labelled geologically: 1. From the molasse at Tschangnau through Brienzer See and Battenberg to Mahrenhorn; 2. From Betzberg over St.Gotthard to the Val Levantino; and 3. Detailed section through limestone with chalk ridge at Fis-Berges; 4. Detailed section through molasse and brown coal at St Saphorin bei Vevai; and, 5. Molasse and brown coal at Paude bei Lausanne. In good to very good condition.
Durchschnitte von Frankreich/Cross-sections of France. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper. With minor marginal tears and very slight foxing. Shows four sections: 1. 'idealised' section of the Landes from the Pyrenees to the Vendee; 2. 'idealised' section from Normandy through Paris, the Vosges Mountains to Strassbourg and the Black Forest; 3. A pair of correlated sections without location, with the right hand section showing much more observed detail. In good to very good condition.
Durchschnitte von Deutschland/Cross-sections of Germany. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper. With minor marginal tears neatly repaired and very slight foxing. Shows four sections: 1. Besigheim on the River Enz through Wurzburg, the Thuringer Wald, Gotha, Kalbe to Barby on the River Elbe; 2. From Osterhofen on the Danube through Prague (!), the Riesengebirge to Glagau on the River Oder; 3. From Buchsberg near the River Weser through Brocken in the Harzgebirge, Pegau to the Bohemian Mittelgebirge; and 4. From the Eifel and Mosel through Darmstadt, Frankenau, Eichstadt to the the Danube. In good to very good condition.
Cross-sections of Hungary – not titled but continuing from pages above. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper. With marginal tears and some loss to top margin, very slight foxing, small ink stains at top margin, slight water marks from spillage and dusty top margin. Shows three long and five short sections: 14. 'idealised' section of the Steinkohlengebirges north of Funfkirchen; 15. Section 'and view' of the Limestone Mountains of the Ofen area, through |xambek; 16. Section through the Limestone Mountains between Mt. Dotis and Raab plain ; 17. section of the Molasse and trachyte conglomerate of the Kremnitz valley; 18-21. Sections of the Ofen area by Teteny, by Tinnye,at Steinbruch bei Kerestur and at Steinbruch bei Vergebirge. In fair to good condition.
Durchschnitte von Ungarn/Cross-sections of Hungary. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper. With minor marginal tears and loss in top margin, very slight foxing, large ink stain into figures, water marks from spillage, creasing and scuffed and dusty left margin and figure area. Shows eight sections: 22. section 'and view' of the Trachyte Mountains on the right bank of the Gran river; 23-24. and at Glashutte; 25. and at Schemnitz; 26. and near Tokay; 27. and between Tolesva and Telkebanya; 28. And near Czermenitza and Vihortlet; and section in the Alaunsteins by Tokay. In poor to fair condition.
Durchschnitte des Steinkohlengebirges/ Cross-sections through the Hard Coal Mountains. Hand coloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper. With minor marginal tears. Two coloured sections: 1. Section through Neiderrhein-Wesphalia from Alten Bochum to Schwelmer Brunnen; 2-3. Combined sections through Eschweiler and through Aachen; 4 and 5 uncoloured plan and section of Eschweiler coalfield. In good condition.
Durchschnitte des Steinkohlenfeldes im Landchen von der Heide bei Aachen/Cross-sections through the Hard Coal Fields of Aachen Heath. Uncoloured lithographs on flat cartridge paper. With minor tears and loss of top and bottom margins. Two abutting measured sections showing coalseams under Kockum, Bardenberg, Morsbach. In good condition.
Lagerung des Porphyrs und Dolomites im sudlichen Tyrol/Stratigraphy of Porphyries and Dolomites of South Tyrol. Uncoloured lithograph on flat cartridge paper with minor tears and loss in top margin and bottom margin is dusty. Nine sections and sketch views arranged around a view of Der Langkofel im Godner-Thal in Tyrol. 1. Section of Seifser Alp between Valsa Valley and Eysack Valley; 2. East side of Campagnazo Pass; 3. Section of Campedello against Molignon; 4. Section on the route in the Grodner valley to Cofosco; 5. View above Colvasco; 6. Section from Ciaplay to Sotto i Salsi; 7. View of the Inn valley by Schwaz; 8. Profile of Feigensteins in Tyrol; and 9. Section of the mountains through M.della Celva between Trento and Pergine. In good condition.
Trachyt Steinbruch am Stenselberge im Siebengebirge/ Trachite Quarry at Stenselberg in the Siebengebirge. Uncoloured lithograph on flat cartridge paper with minor tears and loss on all margins repaired neatly, minor water marks from spillage, a crease in left margin and slight dustiness. A view of a quarry face exhibiting cylindrical jointing and quarrymen entering an apparent adit. In fair to good condition.
Basaltbildung/Basalt Formation. Uncoloured lithograph on flat cartridge paper with minor tears and small loss on top margin, minor water marks from spillage and slight dustiness. Five figures with letters referred to in missing text. 1,2. Sections through Druidensteins at Heckersdorf; Quarry views at 3. the Blaue Kuppe at Eschwege and 4. The Pflafterkaute at Marksuhl; and 5. Der Berg de la Coupe, a view showing a complete volcano with columnar basalt exposed in a river bank at its base. In good condition.
Die Kasegrotte bei Berlrich/the Cheesecave at Berlrich. Uncoloured lithograph on flat cartridge paper with minor tears and small loss on left margin, very slight foxing and slight dustiness. A view of a ravine with columnar basalts forming the valley side, rapids and a high foot bridge with three well-dressed figures and a dog in the foreground admiring the view. In fair to good condition.
Basaltbildung auf der Landskron im Ahrthale/Basalt Formation in the Ahr Valley. Uncoloured lithograph on flat cartridge paper with minor tears and small loss on left margin. Two views, one showing a cliff of columnar basalt with a small chapel and view of a shallow cave or quarried niche which may be to the left of the chapel in the top view. In good condition.